Each male flower consists of 4 light green sepals and 4 stamens. The old high german word for berry, beri, was combined with the latin word morus to make the word. These species are accepted by the kew plant list as of august 2015. Oct 27, 2011 ozgen m, serce s, kaya c 2009 phytochemical and antioxidant properties of anthocyaninrich morus nigra and morus rubra fruits. Parks canada agency prepared the recovery strategy for the red mulberry in canada in 2011 to meet their requirements under the sara. In ontario, red mulberry grows in moist, forested habitats and on both sandy and. Recovery strategy for the red mulberry morus rubra in canada parks canada. The major fatty acids in mulberry fruits were linoleic acid c18. Morus rubra, commonly known as the red mulberry, is a species of mulberry native to eastern and central north america.
The plant list includes 174 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus morus. Pdf introduction black mulberry morus nigra is a handsome deciduous tree belonging to moraceae family which has been domesticated. Plantaemagnoliophytamagnoliopsidaurticalesmoraceae morus rubra l. A new, updated version of the climate change tree atlas is available for red mulberry morus rubra species information. Some members of fann may provide services that do not further the fnps mission, and this link should not be. Chemical composition, nutritional value, and antioxidant activities of. Greenish flower spikes appear in early spring with reddish to dark purple fruit in the summer.
Certainly a tiny treasure and a perfect conversation piece for the rockery or. A cute bunshaped mulberry flaunting diminutive quartersized lobed foliage along tightly packed branching. This was a scrawny stick of a shrub for 20 years until i started to care for it. Recovery strategy for the red mulberry morus rubra in. Department of agriculture agricultural research service. The new york flora atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the. Leaves are alternate, simple, 48 inches long, usually lacking lobes but some leaves with lobes. There have been reports of isolated populations very likely naturalized in new mexico, idaho, and british columbia. Male flowers are catkins and female look like the immature berry. Common name red mulberry the word mulberry has an interesting etymological evolution.
Red mulberry morus rubra red mulberry is a medium sized tree with ovate to oblongovate, toothed, usually dark green leaves that have heartshaped bases. I bought a red mulberry by mistake, intending to buy a black one, of which i have good memories. Fnps provides this link to assist users in finding sources for native plants. It is native to asia, commonly cultivated in europe for its fruit, and locally naturalized in southern europe. Alternate, simple, broadly ovate to roughly orbicular, 3 to 5 inches long, serrate margin, highly variable in that they may have no lobes or be highly dissected into lobes. Nomenclatural and specimen database of the missouri botanical garden. Virginia tech dendrology red mulberry moraceae morus rubra l. White mulberry is a relatively ubiquitous species that occurs in a variety of habitats, particularly in disturbed sites and in urban environments, but may occur with red mulberry. Pdf phytochemical content of some black morus nigra l. The young bark is reddishbrown, maturing to flaky plates. Morus rubra super dwarf super dwarf red mulberry broken. Morus rubra red mulberry a native american tree distributed through the east from kansas east and new york south, found in ohio in fertile, moist soils, floodplains, prairies, hills, and pastures. They are red or dark purple when ripe in midsummer. Usdanrcs database of plants of the united states and its territories.
Morus alba cultivars will generally have an upper leaf surface that has a waxy, glossy appearance, while morus rubra cultivars and hybrids, and morus nigra, will appear relatively dull. Red mulberry tree morus rubra by captmicha jun 16, 2007 3. An illustrated flora of the northern united states, canada and the british possessions. Leafsnap is an electronic field guide for tree and plant species in new york city and washington, dc. The ripened fruit turn from red to black and are edible and birds readily consume them. I have found the tree tough and incredibly vigorous, but a mad tangle of branches. Download fulltext pdf flavonoids from mulberry fruit morus alba l. It is native to rich woods, bottomlands and wood margins from massachusetts, southern. Red and white mulberry in indiana purdue extension. Morus rubra is native to north america, but pure strains of morus rubra may be becoming rare, as one study of red mulberries in canada put the occurrence of hybridization with morus alba at 54%. Morus classification is even further complicated by widespread hybridisation, wherein the hybrids are fertile. They are usually undivided with coarsely toothed margins.
Having tried to thin them into a more regular shape i then read that pruning should be kept to a minimum as it will stimulate another bout of vigorous. Morus rubra can thrive in more alkaline soils than morus alba or morus macruora. Morus rubra red mulberry michigan state university. Compared to white mulberry morus alba, which was introduced from asia into north america for an incipient silkworm industry, the red mulberry morus rubra is a more shadetolerant forest tree that is not often encountered in urban and suburban areas. The plant list includes a further 37 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus morus. Red mulberry morus rubra is usually dioecious male and female flowers on separate trees, although less often it is monoecious male and female flowers on the same tree. The foliage is 3 5 in 712 cm long, hairy and soft on both sides. Resembles white mulberry but has larger and tastier fruit. Cooperative extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the eastern band of cherokee indians. Species the species name, rubra, comes from the latin word for red and refers to the red fruits of this tree. Its leaves are alternately arranged, roughly the same size, dark green and dull, and have a rough texture. On jul 2, 2005, angelam from melbourne, australia wrote. The leaves are similar in shape to the naturalized white mulberry morus alba, but are rough above and not glossy, and also similar to paper mulberry broussonetia papyrifera, but are not as roughhairy.
The species name, rubra, comes from the latin word for. Its relatively uncommon now, found most often as an understory tree in high quality native woodlands. It is found from ontario, minnesota, and vermont south to southern florida, and west as far as southeastern south dakota, nebraska, kansas, and central texas. Morus rubra, red mulberry1 edis university of florida. Generally, the plant has three main species by color of its fruits. The leaves of the red mulberry are the best way to recognize this species. Morus rubra in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. The female red mulberry dropping its fruit and staining the sidewalk, early may, late spring in zone 9a9b. History white mulberry cultivation has a long and rich history dating back thousands of years ago as a requirement for silkworm rearing. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of. A collection of images of morus rubra, red mulberry. This year the berry load was so heavy the branches hung like a weeping mulberry.
Installing tile floor for the first time how to lay tile floor duration. In doing so, fnps is not attesting to the accuracy of any information on the fann webite. Leaves can vary in shape ranging from unlobed to deeply lobed and from roughtextured to glabrous. Media in category morus rubra the following 24 files are in this category, out of 24 total. The female red mulberry, early may, late spring in zone 9a9b. Red mulberry tree buy online at nature hills nursery. Mo mulberry a guide to probably everything you need to. Red mulberry is a small, fast growing, native tree found throughout louisiana in a variety of conditions. Immature and almostmature fruit of morus rubra, western arkansas, midjune. The red mulberry tree, morus rubra, is a fruitbearing tree that is not only lovely, but useful to both humans and wildlife. Leafsnap is an electronic field guide for tree and.
Red mulberry tree morus rubra contributor names eiler, lyntha scott photographer created published june 28, 1996 subject headings summer. The species is also listed as endangered under the federal species at risk act sara. The root pattern is a tap root similar to a carrot going directly down 12. Morus rubra is most likely to be confused with the nonnative white mulberry, with which it is closely related and may also hybridize. As the main veins approach the margin of the leaf, they loop around. It is a rapidgrowing tree of valleys, flood plains, and low moist hillsides. Bark of morus rubra varies in degrees of roughness from somewhat smooth with vertical. Morus nigra and morus rubra leaves and most hybrids will have a sandpaper like feel when stroked gently on the upper leaf surface in the direction of the. Along a stream in a floodplain woodlands at springfield, illinois. The leaves literally overlap one another like shingles on a roof.
Mulberry genotypes article pdf available in food technology and biotechnology 481. Mulberries are dioecious, with male and female flowers are normally on separate trees. Bonap north american plant atlas of the biota of north america program. Mar 27, 2020 red mulberry has dark green, toothed leaves that are rough to the touch. Native distribution map for morus rubra map courtesty usda nrcs plants database. Images of the red mulberry morus rubra, including photos of the leaf, flower, fruit, seed, petiole, bark, and tree. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Mature height usually ranges from 15 to 70 feet 521 m 19. Red mulberry in an uncommon mediumsized understory tree. The new york flora atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy.
The fruits are small, fleshy, resembling an elongated blackberry. A new, updated version of the climate change tree atlas is available for red mulberry morus rubra. Morus nigra linnaeus has been reported in floras by various authors j. Leaf, alternate, simple, sandpapery texture scabrous, variable in shape from unlobed to 5 lobes, serrate margin. Red mulberry is a mediumsized tree with a short trunk and a broad, rounded crown. The record derives from tropicos data supplied on 20120418 which reports it as an accepted name record 20471 with original publication details.
It is native to rich woods, bottomlands and wood margins from massachusetts, southern ontario and minnesota south to florida and texas. Red mulberry morus rubra is listed as endangered on the saro list. Two things to look for, however, are a lopsided leaf base and a doubly serrate margin on the elm. Morus rubra red mulberry, common mulberry, white mulberry pfaf. The leaves are similar in shape to the naturalized white mulberry, but are rough above and not glossy, and also similar to paper mulberry broussonetia papyrifera, but are not as roughhairy confusing the situation, red mulberry and white mulberry often hybridize, resulting in trees with intermediate characteristics. Some members of fann may provide services that do not further the fnps mission, and this link should not be considered to be an. The morus rubra leaves are alternate, rounded or somewhat heartshaped. Collaborative floristic effort of north american botanists.
They were beloved by persians, romans and greeks and moved throughout europe along with. It is slowly being hybridized out of existance by the nonnative, but much more common, white mulberry morus alba. Apr 20, 2016 installing tile floor for the first time how to lay tile floor duration. Red mulberry morus rubra, called moral in spanish, is widespread in eastern united states. Red mulberry is the native species of mulberry in north america. We do not intend the plant list to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Diseased morus nigra before spray program morus nigra appears more susceptible to fungal and bacterial spot diseases to a greater extent than other mulberry species. The leaf shape can vary from oval to 2lobed or 3lobed on a single branch. Type a value in the celsius field to convert the value to fahrenheit. Morus rubra, commonly known as red mulberry, is a medium sized, upright spreading to rounded, deciduous tree that typically grows to 3550 less frequently to 80 tall. Morus alba pendula a weeping form reaching a 20 x 20. Red mulberry is a native, deciduous, small tree with a spreading, rounded crown 6, 10, 19, 37.
Red mulberry has dark green, toothed leaves that are rough to the touch. Morus, a genus of flowering plants in the family moraceae, consists of diverse species of deciduous trees commonly known as mulberries, growing wild and under cultivation in many temperate world regions. Louisiana plant id is an online resource for images and descrptions of louisiana plants and ecosystems. Form of a tree growing in a stand with many other species. The most attractive feature of this tree is the fruit it produces. Look closely in the spring and youll notice small, green catkinlike spikes amid your red mulberrys branches.305 240 954 410 1181 111 827 1326 233 415 11 1016 435 874 550 781 754 362 1400 1128 543 1125 352 1569 32 1303 1284 1458 278 280 1031 431